In September 1944, Sievers telegrammed Brandt: "The collection can be defleshed and rendered unrecognizable. Certificat de sensibilisation obligatoire ? Struthof, le camp oublié: découvrez toutes les vidéos avec Télé-Loisirs Le camp de Natzweiler-Struthof. Vue de baraques dans le camp de Natzweiler, qui constituait une partie du camp de concentration de Natzweiler-Struthof. Through 1945, Natzweiler-Struthof had a complex of about 70 subcamps or annex camps. Macron récupère Valéry Giscard d’Estaing : pour le meilleur ou pour le pire ? Les pompiers de Paris postillonnent en parlant ! Ce documentaire lève le voile sur l'histoire glaçante de ce camp. The site is large and will take a few hours to walk round. [45] The film "The names of the 86" (French: Le nom des 86) was directed by Emmanuel Heyd and Raphael Toledano (Dora Films). [40][41], Magnus Wochner was also implicated in the Stalag Luft III murders and was listed among the accused. [27][30] The next step after making the casts was to have been reducing them to skeletons. [34] Rachel Gordon and Joachim Zepelin translated the introduction to the book to English, at the web site where the whole book, including the biographies of the 86 people, is posted in German. [13] Henri Gayot a member of the French Resistance who was interned at Struthof between April and September 1944, documented his ordeal in drawings which are now in the Struthof Concentration Camp Museum. Souvent oublié, le KL Natzweiler du Struthof a pourtant été l’un des camps avec le plus haut taux de mortalité de l’Allemagne nazie. [20] Two died as a result of the crash, three survived as prisoners of war in a camp in Poland, one returned to England with the help of the resistance, and Mr Habgood was hanged on 31 July 1944. Some died from the exertions of their labor and malnutrition. Edouard Philippe était lundi à Auschwitz pour le 75ème anniversaire de la libération des camps d’Auschwitz-Birkenau, alors qu’Emmanuel Macron s’est rendu au Mémorial de la Shoah, à Paris, pour y inaugurer le «Mur des noms» rénové. About 52,000 prisoners were estimated to be held there during its time of operation. Struthof, le camp oublié • 50 min. The collection was sanctioned by Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler, and under the direction of August Hirt with Rudolf Brandt and Wolfram Sievers who was responsible for procuring and preparing the corpses as part of his management of the Ahnenerbe (the National Socialist scientific institute that researched the archaeological and cultural history of the hypothesized Aryan race). S’il y a un référendum urgent, c’est sur l’immigration qu’il doit se faire. Qui connaît le Struthof, «Auschwitz oublié» ? Le 23 novembre, jour de la libération de Strasbourg, l'armée américaine pénètre dans le camp de Natzweiler-Struthof, l'unique camp de … Retour à l'article [40] He died of a heart attack while awaiting execution on 20 October 1954. Le 23 novembre 1944, jour de la libération de Strasbourg, l'armée américaine pénètre dans le camp de Natzweiler-Struthof. Ancien grand reporter à France 3 Alsace, il passe son temps entre l’Alsace et la Grèce. There were an estimated 22,000 deaths at the camp, including its network of subcamps. Hans Eisele was also stationed in this camp for a time. The anatomist August Hirt conducted some of his efforts in making a Jewish skeleton collection, whose purpose was to exhibit Jews as racially inferior, at the camp. [7] (For the system of subcamps see List of subcamps of Natzweiler-Struthof. Crèche de Noël la plus laide : Nice a fait mieux que le pape, place Saint-Pierre ! Parmi ces derniers on comptait environ un quart d’Alsaciens-Mosellans, souvent des déportés politiques ou des réfractaires au régime nazi que l’on appellera les « Nacht und Nebel » (Nuit et Brouillard), nom de code des décrets nazis de 1941, voulant venir à bout des opposants au Reich et plus généralement de la Résistance en Alsace et dans les pays annexés ou occupés. [1][3] The prisoners were mainly from the resistance movements in German-occupied territories. "[44], A documentary film was shown in 2014 about the 86 people who were murdered in the camp and whose remains were later identified by name, as described above in The Jewish skeleton collection section. [21], The camp had five commandants and numerous doctors in its history. Daimler-Benz moved its aircraft engine factory from Berlin to a gypsum mine near the Neckarelz annex camp. One is at the site of the mass grave, the other along the wall of the cemetery. Le 23 novembre 1944, jour de la libération de Strasbourg, l'armée américaine pénètre dans le camp de Natzweiler-Struthof. The deaths of 86 inmates were, in the words of Hirt, "induced" at a jury rigged gassing facility at Natzweiler-Struthof on several days in August and their corpses, 57 men and 29 women, were sent to Strasbourg for study. The total number of prisoners at all of the Natzweiler subcamps was estimated to be 19,000 while there was between 7,000 and 8,000 in the main camp at Natzweiler.[5]. [33] August Hirt, who conceived the project, was sentenced to death in absentia at the Military War Crimes Trial at Metz on 23 December 1953. Production : Argos Films - 1956 - durée 32 minutes. Son épouse participa à l’organisation du sauvetage des enfants juifs. The Natzweiler-Struthof main camp was established nearby on 1 May 1941, in Natzweiler, in the Bruche valley; its site was chosen due to its proximity to a quarry. [43][39], During the night of 12–13 May 1976, neo-Nazis burned the camp museum, with the loss of important artifacts. To the French, it is Le Struthof; to the Nazis it was Konsentrationslager Natzweiler; to Americans it is Natzweiler-Struthof. L’esprit de Noël apportera-t-il la paix au Liban, au Moyen-Orient et dans le monde ? [41] TV5, lundi, 21 h. Les plus populaires. Il y a 5 ans, pour le 70e anniversaire de la libération des camps, les survivants du Struthof attendaient pour le moins un hommage national avec la présence d’un membre du gouvernement. Bien avant Auschwitz pourtant, que les Soviétiques découvrirent le 27 janvier 1945, le « Konzentrations Lager » du Struthof  aura été le premier camp de concentration découvert par les Alliés à l’ouest de l’Europe, le 23 novembre 1944, lors de leur progression vers les rives du Rhin. Coronavirus : « …et si on rendait l’Alsace-Lorraine aux Allemands, au gué, au gué… » ? Another annex camp at Schörzingen was established in February 1944 for extracting crude oil from oil shale. It was abandoned intact and the organisers have left most of it intact. Entre 1941 et 1945, l’Alsace, annexée au IIIe Reich, voit s’installer l’un des camps de concentration les plus meurtriers de la Seconde Guerre mondiale : le KL-Natzweiler. Qui connait le Struthof « Auschwitz oublié » de notre Hexagone ? [38], Josef Kramer, the former commandant of the camp during the time of the Jewish skeleton collection project, was arrested at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp on 17 April 1945 and tried at Lüneburg in the British-occupied sector for his crimes, including the murder of Jews in the gas chamber at Natzweiler. It operated from 21 May 1941 to September 1944, and was the only concentration camp established by the Germans in the territory of pre-war France. Ce documentaire lève le voile sur l'histoire glaçante de ce camp. Struthof, le camp oublié (TV Movie 2018) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. Le Struthof is a beautiful location which before it was a concentration camp, was a ski resort. Hartjenstein's death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment on 1 June 1946. The 86 were from eight countries in German-occupied Europe: Austria, Netherlands, France, Germany, Greece, Norway, Belgium and Poland. How I succeeded in identifying the 86 victims of a NAZI crime. The European Centre of Deported Resistance Members, a new structure at the site, opened in November 2005, and at the same time, "the museum was entirely redesigned to focus solely on the history of Natzweiler concentration camp and its subcamps. August Hirt committed suicide in June 1945; his suicide was unknown for many years, and he was tried in absentia in 1953 at Metz for his war crimes, including the Jewish skeleton collection, begun at Auschwitz, continued at Natzweiler-Struthof, and ended, but not completed, at the Reichs University of Strasbourg. Le principe de non-discrimination a encore frappé ! It was a labor camp, a transit camp and, as the war went on, a place of execution. Doctors Otto Bickenbach and Helmut Rühl were accused of crimes committed at this camp. Le 16 mars 1943, il fut transféré au fort de Romainville, sous contrôle allemand. Dépistage massif au Havre : « Un gaspillage de fric monumental ! Then he was tried again by the British for hanging a POW who was a member of the Royal Air Force. Or, il n’a plus aucune retenue ». Stonehouse later sketched the four women which aided in their identification. Thierry Lafon, blanchisseur : « Depuis le premier confinement, je ne reçois aucune aide de l’État alors que mon chiffre a baissé de 50 % ! [4] Many prisoners were moved to other camps; in particular, in 1944 the former head of Auschwitz concentration camp was brought in to evacuate the prisoners of Natzweiler-Struthof to Dachau as the Allied Armies neared. In 1940, Germany invaded and occupied France, including Alsace. [16], Two British Royal Air Force airmen (Flying Officer Dennis H. Cochran, and Flight Lieutenant Anthony "Tony" R. H. Hayter) who were involved in "The Great Escape" and murdered by the Gestapo after re-capture,[17] were cremated at Natzweiler-Struthof. [31], Two anthropologists, who were both members of the SS, Hans Fleischhacker and Bruno Beger, along with Wolf-Dietrich Wolff, were accused of making selections at Auschwitz of Jewish prisoners for Hirt's collection of 'racial types', the man who devised the project of the Jewish skeleton collection. [3] Inmates originated from various countries, including Poland, the Soviet Union, the Netherlands, France, Nazi Germany, Slovene-speaking parts of Yugoslavia and Norway. The camp held a crematorium and a jury rigged gas chamber outside the main camp, which was not used for mass extermination but for selective extermination, as part of the human experimentation programs, in particular on the problems of fighting a war, like typhus among the troops. In 1944, with the approach of the Allies, there was concern over the possibility that the corpses could be discovered. [18][19], British bomber Sergeant Frederic ("Freddie") Habgood was hanged at this camp, after his Lancaster bomber crashed in Alsace on 27 July 1944 and he was betrayed to the Nazis by a local woman. Au camp du Struthof, ce même jour, en Alsace, à une soixantaine de kilomètres de Strasbourg, les portes de l’ancien camp de concentration du Struthof sont restées closes pour… cause de « fermeture annuelle du 24 décembre au 28 février, réouverture le 1er mars 2020 ». Struthof, le camp oublié, d'Anne-Sophie Chaumier Le Conte Le 23 novembre, jour de la libération de Strasbourg, l'armée américaine pénètre dans le camp de Natzweiler-Struthof. The present museum was restored in 1980 after damage by neo-Nazis in 1976. Lang, Hans-Joachim, The names of the numbers. The camp was located in a heavily-forested and isolated area at an elevation of 800 metres (2,600 ft). [10] The two men were sent to Dachau, where they were liberated. The region, adjacent to the German border, was chosen for full Germanization and was annexed to Gau Baden-Alsace. He was accused of having murdered four British female spies. Installé en Alsace, région annexée par l'Allemagne, il fut l'unique camp de concentration installé sur le territoire français. [27] Josef Kramer, acting commandant of Natzweiler-Struthof (who was a Lagerführer at Auschwitz and the last commandant of Bergen Belsen) personally carried out the gassing of 80 of the 86 victims at Natzweiler-Struthof. 1 Fin de l'alerte Amber à Terrebonne; 2 Chronique Le cauchemar de François Legault; 3 Ce qu’exposent les zoonoses; 4 [20], In his memoirs titled Moi, Pierre Seel, déporté homosexuel, Pierre Seel, who served a sentence at the neighboring camp of Schirmeck, tells that he took part in the construction of the Struthof concentration camp, in the context of his forced labor tasks. Its goal was to explain what happened at Reich University of Strasbourg, at Natzweiler-Struthof, in the strange use of science in this Nazi project to eliminate the Jews, but keeping some remains for history and science, the project never fully completed. Photos of the corpses as found by the Allies who saw them in the Reichs University make the totality of the strange project quite real. Installé en Alsace, région annexée par l’Allemagne, il fut l’unique camp de concentration installé sur le … It operated from 21 May 1941 to September 1944, and was the only concentration camp established by the Germans in the territory of pre-war France. ), The total number of prisoners reached 52,000 over the three years, of 32 nationalities. Work, hunger, darkness and the lack of health care caused many epidemics; mortality rates could reach 80%. With Arnaud Boulligny, Christian Ingrao, Hervé Joly, Tercelin Kirtley. Dennis Cochran", "Flight Lieutenant (Pilot) Anthony Hayter", "Family of World War Two Lancaster bomber reunited with his bracelet 74 years after it rose to surface of concentration camp ash pit", "In Re Holocaust Victim Assets Litigation (Swiss Banks) Special Master's Proposal", "Elenco delle aziende e dei campi di concentramento ricorrendo al lavoro forzato", "Un documentaire sur un crime nazi méconnu primé à Waterloo", "Skelette für Straßburg Eines der grausigsten Wissenschaftsverbrechen des "Dritten Reiches" ist endlich aufgeklärt", "[Victims of medical research at Natzweiler, from "Die Namen der Nummern: Eine Initiative zur Erinnerung an 86 jüdische Opfer eines Verbrechens von NS-Wissenschaftlern"] (ID: 20733)", "The Names of the Numbers: In Memoriam of 86 Jewish People who Fell Victim to the Nazi Scientists", "The Names of the Numbers: The Courses of 86 Lives", "Nazi War Crimes Trials: Natzweiler Trial", Independent researcher Diana Mara Henry's site, Memoir by KLNA Survivor Joseph Scheinmann aka Andre Peulevey, History of the Natzweiler-Struthof Camp by Roger Boulanger, camp survivor (in French), Center of Contemporary Jewish Documentation, Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Déportation, Sons and Daughters of Jewish Deportees from France, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Natzweiler-Struthof_concentration_camp&oldid=994138817, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, mainly resistance fighters from occupied European nations, Franz Berg: death sentence (executed by hanging 11 October 1946), Peter Straub: death sentence (executed by hanging 11 October 1946), Fritz Hartjenstein (commandant): death sentence, commuted to life (Wuppertal), death sentence by British (Rastatt), death sentence by French Court (Metz), died before sentence was carried out. Its construction was overseen by Hans Hüttig in the spring of 1941, in a heavily-forested and isolated area at an elevation of 800 metres (2,600 ft). Voile des petites filles musulmanes : Aurore Bergé est contre ! Documentaires-Histoire. Mais ni le secrétaire d’État aux Anciens combattants, ni le Premier ministre, a fortiori le Président de l’époque, n’avaient alors fait le déplacement, pas plus qu’aujourd’hui…Vous avez dit le « Struthof » ? Create . [32] It was unknown at the time that Hirt had shot himself in the head on June 2, 1945 while in hiding in the Black Forest. Struthof, le camp oublié en Streaming. Natzweiler-Struthof was a German-run concentration camp located in the Vosges Mountains close to the Alsatian village of Natzwiller (German Natzweiler) in France, and the town of Schirmeck, about 50 km (31 m) south west of the city of Strasbourg. [7] Some worked in quarries, but many worked in the arms industry at various subcamps. [9] Brian Stonehouse of the British SOE and Albert Guérisse, a Belgian escape line leader, witnessed the arrival of the four women and the events leading up to their execution and cremation; both men testified to the executions of the four women in post-war trials. ». Directed by Anne-Sophie Chaumier Le Conte. Danger sur la France : l’immigration afghane, proche des talibans, a littéralement explosé ! Haut lieu de la mémoire des guerres contemporaines, le camp du Struthof en Alsace, seul camp de concentration nazi sur le sol de France, avait été ouvert en 1941 par les nazis, après l’annexion à l’Allemagne de l’Alsace-Moselle. On 11 December 2005, memorial stones engraved with the names of the 86 victims were placed at the cemetery. Marche des sans-papiers en France : comment expliquer que des migrants réclament des papiers dans un pays aussi détestable ? Vous y croyez ? His death was acknowledged as a war crime in 1947 and his family was informed, but the most personal evidence of his presence there, a silver bracelet with his name on it, emerged from the soil in July 2018, as an area with flowers was being watered by a volunteer. The 70th anniversary of this execution of those who resisted Nazi occupation was commemorated at the museum in 2014. He was sentenced to death and subsequently shot by firing squad near Baden-Baden on 20 March 1947. All of the accused were found guilty; of these, three were sentenced to death and two hanged. Some people died from the exertions of the work they had to do, while poorly fed. Prior to the evacuation of the camp, 141 prisoners were shot dead on 31 August - 1 September 1944. The disused autobahn Engelberg Tunnel in Leonberg, near Stuttgart, was used by the Messerschmitt Aircraft Company which eventually employed 3,000 prisoners in forced labor. Heinrich Ganninger, adjutant and deputy of commander Fritz Hartjenstein, committed suicide in Wuppertal prison in April 1946 before his trial. In a 2013 documentary by Sonia Rolley and others, two historians remark that "Hirt is one of the most absolutely criminal of National Socialist ideology," adds the historian Yves Ternon. The Monument to the Departed stands at the site. Le 1er mai 1941, au lieu-dit « le Struthof », les nazis ouvrent un camp de concentration, le Konzentrationslager Natzweiler (KL*-Natzweiler). [40] The sentence was not carried out, and he was then extradited to France, where he was tried at Metz for his crimes at Natzweiler and sentenced to death. This was done mainly at the numerous annex camps, some of which were located in mines or tunnels in order to avoid damage from Allied air raids. Some of the people responsible for atrocities in this camp were brought to trial after the war ended. They spent two weeks eating well in barracks there in Block 13, so they would be good specimens of normal size. An old hotel called ‘Le Struthof’ was near the selected location and served as the residence for the camp’s SS personnel. The reconstructed camp museum was officially opened on 29 June 1980. Elections américaines : Mike Pence, homme de l’année 2021 ? This, however, would mean that the whole work had been done for nothing – at least in part – and that this singular collection would be lost to science, since it would be impossible to make plaster casts afterwards." Leo Alexander, the medical advisor at the Nuremberg trials, stated that some children were murdered at Natzweiler-Struthof for the sole purpose of testing poisons for inconspicuous executions of Nazi officials and prisoners. [28][29], The next part of the process for this "collection" was to bring the corpses to the Reichs University, where Hirt's plan was to make anatomical casts of the bodies. [41][10], Heinrich Schwarz was tried separately at Rastatt in connection with atrocities committed during his tenure as commandant of Natzweiler-Struthof. The female prisoner-population in the camp was small, and only seven SS women served in Natzweiler-Struthof camp (compared to more than 600 SS men) and 15 in the Natzweiler complex of subcamps. • Nuit et brouillard, un film d'Alain Resnais. In 2003, Hans-Joachim Lang, a German professor at the University of Tübingen succeeded in identifying all the victims, by comparing a list of inmate numbers of the 86 corpses at the Reichs University in Strasbourg, surreptitiously recorded by Hirt's French assistant Henri Henrypierre, with a list of numbers of inmates vaccinated at Auschwitz. [11] [12], Charles Delestraint, leader of the Armée Secrète, was detained at Natzweiler-Struthof, then was executed by the Gestapo in Dachau days before that camp was liberated and the war ended. Natzweiler-Struthof was considered the better place for gassing the selected victims (better than at Auschwitz), as they would die one by one, with no damage to the corpses, and Natzweiler-Struthof was at Hirt's disposal. [27], "Struthof" redirects here. Structures were rebuilt, placing the artifacts that survived the fire as they were found originally. It is not to be confused with, Mitscherlich, Fred Mielke: Medicine without humanity: documents of the Nuremberg Doctors Trial, Frankfurt am Main 1995, p. 216, Au nom de la race et de la science 1941-1944 (1/4), Au Nom De La Race Et De La Science Documentaire Entier Français, Priest Barracks of Dachau Concentration Camp, "Introduction to the history of the camp | STRUTHOF", "Struthof: Commémoration des exécutions de 141 résistants", "Natzweiler-Struthoff Concentration Camp", "War Crimes and Their Motivation: The SocioPsychological Structure of the SS and the Criminalization of a Society", "2 SAS Regiments, War Crimes Investigations, and British Intelligence: Intelligence Officers and the Natzweiler Trial", "L'historique du camp de Natzweiler-Struthof", "Flying Officer (W.Op./Air Gnr.) Une lente montée des effectifs, 1941-1942 ; 1943 : le camp se normalise ; L'explosion du nombre, 1944-1945 -- Partir. The names and biographical information of the victims were published in the book Die Namen der Nummern (The Names of the Numbers). ». Ces « charmantes » bestioles se sont invitées, lundi dernier, à la séance du conseil munic…. The camp was specially set up for Nacht und Nebel prisoners, in most cases, people of the resistance movements. [32] Also named as associated with this project are doctor Karl Wimmer [de] and the anatomist Anton Kiesselbach [de]. Non diffusé en ce moment à la télévision. Another plaque honoring the victims was placed outside the Anatomy Institute at Strasbourg's University Hospital. The people who were to serve as best examples of the "Jewish race" were selected from people at the Auschwitz camp, then brought to Natzweiler-Struthof both to eat well and then to be murdered by gas, and their corpses brought to the Anatomy Institute of at the Reich University of Strasbourg (Reichsuniversität Straßburg) in the annexed region of Alsace, a project of great scope. Natzweiler-Struthof, France, après le 30 septembre 1944. He is honored as a Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem, Israel's Holocaust Memorial for hiding Jewish children in Catholic boarding schools. Struthof, le camp oublié Vidéo) Partager Tweet Vous abonner à notre lettre. Natzweiler –Struthof was one of the smallest concentration camps. Pacte sur la migration en Europe : ce n’est pas une vague, c’est un tsunami ! The Jewish skeleton collection was an attempt by the Nazis to create an anthropological display to showcase the alleged racial inferiority of the "Jewish race" and to emphasize the status of Jews as Untermenschen ("sub-humans"), in contrast to the Germanic Übermenschen ("super-humans") Aryan race which the Nazis considered to be the "Herrenvolk" (master race). Only a small staff of Nazi SS personnel remained until the camp was liberated by the French First Army under the command of the U.S. Sixth Army Group on 23 November 1944.[5]. "The project itself, continues Professor Johann Chapoutot [fr], is an example of this investment of politics by science, or science by politics that is Nazism. The camp also trained several female guards who went to the Geisenheim and Geislingen subcamps in western Germany. In 1956, he was released from detention after being imprisoned for eleven years. Forty-six of these individuals were originally from Thessaloniki, Greece. Marion Maréchal : « Le gouvernement ne devrait toucher aux libertés publiques que d’une main tremblante !

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